Acne and its causes

You may have heard of people suffering from acne. But now you may want to learn more about the causes of acne. Acne is a common disease usually found among young people. However, sometimes adults are also affected with this disease. Acne is basically a skin disease. In his disease, the hair follicles in the skin get damaged and the patient observes continuous swelling and experiences irritation of the skin. The color of the affected portion also turns red. Research shows that the term ‘Acne’ has its origin in Greek and implies outpourings from the skin.

There are different types of acne. They are blackheads (comedones), red and stiff bumps (papules) as well as pus or pustules. In advanced stages, you can observe abscesses or even cysts on the skin. Acne marks or gashes are generally found on the face, shoulders, chest, back and the neck of the patient.

What are the causes of Acne? There are some common causes of acne that have been accepted by the medical fraternity so far. Acne is usually caused because of major hormonal changes that take place when a boy or girl completes the teen years and starts growing into an adult. At this age, an oily substance called sebum is generated by the Sebaceous glands in the body. This oily substance slowly appears through ducts on the surface of the skin.

However, when the sebum encounters any barrier while appearing on the skin, you can find an unhealthy and sudden formation on the skin. The sebum collection usually on the face is what is popularly called pimples. These outpourings on the skin are also known as blemishes, spots or zits. These pimples can either be white and closed or black and open. It is believed that the when the sebum in the pores comes in contact with the outside air, it turns into black color.

Sometimes, this sebum gets accumulated in excess in the ducts. In such a condition, the walls of the ducts get enlarged. As a result, the excess sebum is thrown out on to the skin by a sudden burst. The affected portion becomes dirty and emits a foul smell. The patient then experiences abrupt pain. The affected portion of the body gets further damaged after a bacterial attack. In this condition, the red and stiff abrasions increase the irritation of the skin.

Some other causes of acne are polycystic ovary syndrome, pregnancy among women, use of anabolic steroids and improper keratinization. Continuous exposure to some adverse chemicals is also one of the causes of acne.

Acne gets aggravated due to a number of factors. It includes wintry days, starting of menstruation among girls, hormonal changes during menopause in women, tension in work, less sleep and constipation.

The duration of acne on the skin of a patient is often difficult for the doctor to predict — it can remain for days or even months. A patient suffering from acne often feels nervous or depressed. The patient would also prefer to avoid visiting a public place or meeting friends.